REACTIVIDAD Y SÍNTESIS

REACTIVIDAD DE LAS SUSTANCIAS ORGÁNICAS



La información y los tutoriales que usaremos pueden consultarse en los siguientes textos electrónicos:

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28209/7221752.cw/index.html

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

 

ALCANOS

 

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Combustion

Substitution (of H by halogen)

Practice Problems




HALUROS ALQUILO

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28212/7222286.cw/index.html (Haluros alquilo reacciones)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

General Reactivity

Substitution(of X)

SN2 Mechanism

SN1 Mechanism

Elimination (of HX)

Summary of Substiution vs. Elimination

Substitution by Metals

Elimination Reactions of Dihalides

Practice Problems


Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch04summary.html (Alcoholes y haluros de alquilo)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch08summary.html (Sustitución nucleofílica)

John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 10 y 11



ALQUENOS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28210/7221996.cw/index.html (Reacciones de Alquenos y Alquinos)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Electrophilic Additions

Strong Brønsted Acids

Lewis Acids (non-Proton Electrophiles)

Electrophilic Halogen Reagents

Other Electrophilic Reagents

Reduction

Oxidation

Radical Additions

Allylic Substitution

Practice Problems

Dienes

Addition Reactions

Diels-Alder Cycloaddition

Practice Problems


Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch05summary.html (Alquenos, preparación)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch06summary.html (Alquenos, reacciones)

John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 6 y 7



ALQUINOS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28210/7221996.cw/index.html (Reacciones de Alquenos y Alquinos)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Addition Reactions

Hydrogenation

Electrophiles

Hydration & Tautomerism

Hydroboration

Nucleophilile Addition & Reduction

Acidity of Terminal Alkynes (Substitution of H)

Practice Problems


Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch09summary.html (Alquinos)


John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 8

 



AROMÁTICOS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28211/7222208.cw/index.html (Aromáticos, reacciones de benceno y bencenos sustituidos)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Electrophilic Substitution
A Substitution Mechanism
Reactions of Substituted Benzenes
Reaction Characteristics
Reactions of Disubstituted Rings
Reactions of Substituent Groups
Nucleophilic Substitution, Elimination & Addition Reactions
Practice Problems

 

Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch11summary.html (Aromaticidad)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch12summary.html (Sustitución aromática elecrofílica)

John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 15 y 16



ALCOHOLES

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28212/7222363.cw/index.html (Alcoholes, éteres, aminas y epóxidos reacciones)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature
Reactions of Alcohols
Substitution of the Hydroxyl H
Substitution of the Hydroxyl Group
Elimination of Water
Oxidation of Alcohols
Reactions of Phenols
Acidity of Phenols
Ring Substitution of Phenols
Oxidation to Quinones
Practice Problems

 

Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch15summary.html (Alcoholes)


John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 17


 



ALDEHIDOS Y CETONAS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28212/7222494.cw/index.html (reacciones aldehidos y cetonas)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature of Aldehydes & Ketones
Occurrence of Aldehydes & Ketones
Natural Products
Synthetic Preparation
Properties of Aldehydes & Ketones
Reversible Addition Reactions
Hydration & Hemiacetal Formation
Acetal Formation
Imine Formation
Enamine Formation
Cyanohydrin Formation
Irreversible Addition Reactions
Complex Metal Hydrides
Organometallic Reagents
Carbonyl Group Modification
Wolff-Kishner Reduction
Clemmensen Reduction
Hydrogenolysis of Thioacetals
Oxidations
Reactions at the α-Carbon
Mechanism of Electrophilic α-Substitution
The Aldol Reaction
Ambident Enolate Anions
Alkylation of Enolate Anions
Practice Problems

 

Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch04summary.html (Aldehidos y cetonas)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch18summary.html (Enoles y enolatos)

John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 19


 



ÁCIDOS CARBOXÍLICOS Y DERIVADOS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28212/7222427.cw/index.html (Sustitución nucleofílica acílica)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids
Natural Products
Related Derivatives
Physical Properties
Acidity
Preparation of Carboxylic Acids
Reactions of Carboxylic Acids
Salt Formation
Substitution of Hydroxyl Hydrogen
Substitution of the Hydroxyl Group
Reduction & Oxidation
Practice Problems

 

Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch18summary.html (Enoles y enolatos)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch19summary.html (Ácidos carboxílicos)

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch20summary.html (Derivados ácidos carboxílicos)

John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 20, 21, 22 y 23


 



AMINAS

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 4E CW (Bruice)

http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_bruice_essentials_2/110/28212/7222363.cw/index.html (Alcoholes, éteres, aminas y epóxidos reacciones)

Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry

Nomenclature & Structure
Properties of Amines
Boiling Point & Solubility
Basicity of Nitrogen Compounds
Acidity of Nitrogen Compounds
Important Reagent Bases
Reactions of Amines
Electrophilic Substitution at Nitrogen
Preparation of 1º-Amines
Preparation of 2º & 3º-Amines
Practice Problems
Reactions with Nitrous Acid
Reactions of Aryl Diazonium Intermediates
Elimination Reactions of Amines
Oxidation States of Nitrogen
Practice Problems


Organic Chemistry 4e Carey

http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/chemistry/carey/student/olc/ch22summary.html (Aminas)


John McMurry Companion Site

Capítulos 24


 


Practicando con VirtualText

Question: Reactions of an Alkane

Question: Reactions with Bromine

Question: Halogenation of Alkanes

Question: Alkene Transformations 1

Question: Alkene Transformations 2

Question: Alkene Reactions 3

Question: Random Alkene Reactions

Question: Stereospecificity in Addition Reactions

Question: Alkyne Reactions

Question: Alkyne Transformations

Question: Electrophilic Addition Reactions to Conjugated Dienes

Question: Relative Reactivity of Halide Substitutions

Question: Halide Substitutions and Eliminations

Question: Reactions of Organic Halides I

Question: Reactions of Organic Halides II

Question: Random Alkyl Halide Reactions

Question: Functional Relationships of Alcohols

Question: Reactions of Alcohols & Phenols

Question: Random Alcohol Reactions

Question: Ether Cleavage Reactions

Question: Reactions of Epoxides

Question: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

Question: Directing Effects in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

Question: Products in Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

Question: Reactions of Propene

Question: Drawing Structures for Ozonolysis Products

Question: Drawing Reactant Structures from Ozonolysis Products

Question: Reactions of Isobutanol

Question: Reactions of Aldehydes

Question: Addition Reactions of Aldehydes & Ketones

Question: Reactions of Aldehydes & Ketones I

Question: Reactions of Aldehydes & Ketones II

Question: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids I

Question: Reactions of Carboxylic Acids II

Question: Carbonyl Compounds

Question: Drawing Structures for Hydrolysis Products

Question: Preparation of Amines

Question: Reactions of Amines I

Question: Reactions of Amines II

Question: Hofmann Elimination of Amines

Question: General Reactivity & Reaction Products

Question: Structural Puzzle 1

Question: Structural Puzzle 2

Question: Structural Puzzle 3

Question: Structural Puzzle 4

Question: Classifying Reactions & Acid / Base Catalysis

Question: Nucleophilic Reaction Mechanisms

Question: A Matching Problem for Aldehydes & Ketones

Question: A Selection Problem for Aldehyde & Ketone Chemistry

Question: Suitability of Diels Alder Reactants

Question: Reactivity of Dienes with Maleic Anhydride

Question: Products from Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Reactions

Question: Reactants Leading to Diels-Alder Cycloaddition Adducts

Question: A Comprehensive Diels-Alder Question

Question: Aldol Condensation Reactants

Question: Claisen Condensation Reactants

Question: Solvent Selection



Practicando con FlashCard

Practicando con Organic Reaction Quizzes and Summaries



Practicando con ORGANIC CHEMISTRY DIRECT